Numerical and experimental study of laser aided additive manufacturing for melt-pool profile and grain orientation analysis

Numerical and experimental study of laser aided additive manufacturing for melt-pool profile and... Laser aided additive manufacturing (LAAM), a blown powder additive manufacturing process, can be widely adopted for surface modification, repair and 3D printing. A robust numerical model was developed to simulate convective fluid flow and balancing of surface tension forces at the air-fluid interface to predict melt-pool free surface curvature and solidified clad dimensions. The free surface physical interface was calculated using the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) moving mesh approach. Powder deposition efficiency was considered by activating mesh normal velocity at melted regions based on localized powder mass flux intensity from the discrete coaxial powder nozzles. The heat flux equation used for representing the laser heat source considered attenuation effect from the interaction between the powder jets and laser as well as heat sink effects of un-melted powder particles entering the melt-pool. The predicted thermal gradient directions agree well with grain growth orientations obtained from electron backscatter diffraction (ESBD) analysis in three different cross-sectional orientations. Experimental validation of clad width, height and melt-pool depth shows a maximum error of 10% for a wide range of processing parameters which consider the effects of varying laser power, laser scanning speed and powder feeding rate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Materials & design Elsevier

Numerical and experimental study of laser aided additive manufacturing for melt-pool profile and grain orientation analysis

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0264-1275
eISSN
0141-5530
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.matdes.2017.10.033
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Laser aided additive manufacturing (LAAM), a blown powder additive manufacturing process, can be widely adopted for surface modification, repair and 3D printing. A robust numerical model was developed to simulate convective fluid flow and balancing of surface tension forces at the air-fluid interface to predict melt-pool free surface curvature and solidified clad dimensions. The free surface physical interface was calculated using the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) moving mesh approach. Powder deposition efficiency was considered by activating mesh normal velocity at melted regions based on localized powder mass flux intensity from the discrete coaxial powder nozzles. The heat flux equation used for representing the laser heat source considered attenuation effect from the interaction between the powder jets and laser as well as heat sink effects of un-melted powder particles entering the melt-pool. The predicted thermal gradient directions agree well with grain growth orientations obtained from electron backscatter diffraction (ESBD) analysis in three different cross-sectional orientations. Experimental validation of clad width, height and melt-pool depth shows a maximum error of 10% for a wide range of processing parameters which consider the effects of varying laser power, laser scanning speed and powder feeding rate.

Journal

Materials & designElsevier

Published: Jan 5, 2018

References

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