Novel triazine dimers with potent antitrypanosomal activity

Novel triazine dimers with potent antitrypanosomal activity Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as sleeping sickness is a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of the 'Glossina' insect, commonly known as the tsetse fly. This disease affects mostly poor populations living in remote rural areas of Africa. Untreated, it is usually fatal. Currently, safe and effective treatments against this disease are lacking. Phenotypic screening of triazine non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors (monomers) resulted in potent and selective antitrypanosomal compounds. This serendipitous discovery and the presence of dimers in many compounds active against these neglected tropical diseases prompted us to investigate antitrypanosomal activity of triazine dimers. Optimization of the triazine dimers resulted in 3,3'-(((ethane-1,2-diylbis(azanediyl))bis(4-(mesityloxy)-1,3,5-triazine-6,2-diyl))bis(azanediyl))dibenzonitrile (compound 38), a compound with very potent in vitro and moderate in vivo antitrypanosomal activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Elsevier

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS
ISSN
0223-5234
eISSN
1768-3254
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.11.075
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as sleeping sickness is a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of the 'Glossina' insect, commonly known as the tsetse fly. This disease affects mostly poor populations living in remote rural areas of Africa. Untreated, it is usually fatal. Currently, safe and effective treatments against this disease are lacking. Phenotypic screening of triazine non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors (monomers) resulted in potent and selective antitrypanosomal compounds. This serendipitous discovery and the presence of dimers in many compounds active against these neglected tropical diseases prompted us to investigate antitrypanosomal activity of triazine dimers. Optimization of the triazine dimers resulted in 3,3'-(((ethane-1,2-diylbis(azanediyl))bis(4-(mesityloxy)-1,3,5-triazine-6,2-diyl))bis(azanediyl))dibenzonitrile (compound 38), a compound with very potent in vitro and moderate in vivo antitrypanosomal activity.

Journal

European Journal of Medicinal ChemistryElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 2018

References

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