Novel combination of histone methylation modulators with therapeutic synergy against acute myeloid leukemia in vitro and in vivo

Novel combination of histone methylation modulators with therapeutic synergy against acute... Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematological malignancy with rapid disease progression and often becomes lethal without treatment. Development of effective new therapies is essential to improve the clinical outcome of AML patients. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) play important roles in epigenetic regulation and their altered expressions have been observed in cancer. Although EZH2 and LSD1 have opposite histone methylation functions, we found that both enzymes were paradoxically up-regulated in AML cells. Importantly, a combined inhibition of EZH2 and LSD1 resulted in a synergistic activity against AML in vitro and in vivo. Such synergy was mechanistically correlated with up-regulation of H3K4me1/2 and H3K9Ac and down-regulation of H3K27me3, leading to a decrease of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. These epigenetic alterations also compromised the mitochondrial respiration capacity and glycolytic activity and resulted in ATP depletion, a key event contributing to the potent cytotoxic effect of the drug combination. Taken together, our work identified a novel therapeutic approach against AML by combining two small molecules that inhibit different histone methylation-modulating proteins with apparently opposite enzyme activities. Such a new drug combination strategy likely has significant clinical implications since epigenetic modulators are currently in clinical trials. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Letters Elsevier

Novel combination of histone methylation modulators with therapeutic synergy against acute myeloid leukemia in vitro and in vivo

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/novel-combination-of-histone-methylation-modulators-with-therapeutic-w3eeUjddfj
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0304-3835
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.canlet.2017.10.015
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematological malignancy with rapid disease progression and often becomes lethal without treatment. Development of effective new therapies is essential to improve the clinical outcome of AML patients. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) play important roles in epigenetic regulation and their altered expressions have been observed in cancer. Although EZH2 and LSD1 have opposite histone methylation functions, we found that both enzymes were paradoxically up-regulated in AML cells. Importantly, a combined inhibition of EZH2 and LSD1 resulted in a synergistic activity against AML in vitro and in vivo. Such synergy was mechanistically correlated with up-regulation of H3K4me1/2 and H3K9Ac and down-regulation of H3K27me3, leading to a decrease of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. These epigenetic alterations also compromised the mitochondrial respiration capacity and glycolytic activity and resulted in ATP depletion, a key event contributing to the potent cytotoxic effect of the drug combination. Taken together, our work identified a novel therapeutic approach against AML by combining two small molecules that inhibit different histone methylation-modulating proteins with apparently opposite enzyme activities. Such a new drug combination strategy likely has significant clinical implications since epigenetic modulators are currently in clinical trials.

Journal

Cancer LettersElsevier

Published: Jan 28, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off