Towards zero emission and zero energy buildings, literature reviews highlight the importance of embodied energy and embodied carbon emissions. The current review analyses 95 case studies of residential buildings, as an effort to identify the range of embodied carbon emissions and the correlation between the share of embodied energy and carbon for different levels of building's energy efficiency. The assessment identifies a range of embodied carbon emissions between 179.3 kgCO2e/m2-1050 kgCO2e/m2 (50-year building lifespan) that reflects a share between 9% and 80% to the total life cycle impact. That same share follows similar trends with the respective for embodied energy and ranges between 9% and 22% for conventional, between 32% and 38% for passive and between 21% and 57% for low energy buildings, while the normalised results indicate a sensitivity for the share of operating emissions that relates to the electricity mix. Considering the deviation of the results, even though a two-step normalisation procedure increases the homogeneity and comparability of the sample, the differences in the electricity mix, in LCI databases or even in the overall building design could not be neutralised and confirm the need for further standardisation in LCA.
Building and Environment – Elsevier
Published: Feb 15, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.
ok to continue