Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHI) is one of the leading causes of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). Although the immunoregulation function of NTHI outer member protein and endotoxin were confirmed, the role of NTHI DNA in activating immune responses remains to be elucidated. In this study, we found expression of IFN-β and IFN stimulated gene CXCL10 in host cells was forcefully elevated after treating with NTHI and NTHI DNA. Interestingly, we tested increased level of STING in NTHI infected mice lung. Meanwhile, STING expression in lung of mimic COPD murine model was higher than healthy mice after NTHI infection. Importantly, knockout of STING or overexpression of STING, TBK1 and IRF3 respectively impaired or enhanced IFN-β and CXCL10 expression during treating with NTHI and NTHI DNA. NTHI and NTHI DNA-induced I-IFN response appeared to be mediated by cGAS. Collectively, we suggested that NTHI DNA as a PAMP triggered I-IFN response, which was STING/TBK1/IRF3 dependent.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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