This study shows that interleukin-6 (IL-6) combined with soluble interleukin-6 receptors (sIL-6R) modulates N -methyl- d -aspartate (NMDA)-induced retinal damage. Eyes pretreated with a combined injection of IL-6 and sIL-6R had NMDA administered into the vitreous cavity. Morphometric analysis and retrograde labeling analysis found that pretreatment with either IL-6 or sIL-6R alone did not bring about any neuroprotective effect. However, pretreatment with a combined administration of IL-6 and sIL-6R induced a significant neuroprotective effect against NMDA-induced retinal damage. Apoptotic changes in the retina were assessed by the TUNEL method. The results indicated that pretreatment with IL-6 combined with sIL-6R prevents NMDA-induced apoptosis. Western blotting studies demonstrated upregulation of gp130 expression in the NMDA-injected retina. Present studies suggest that IL-6 combined with sIL-6R provides a neuroprotective effect on NMDA-induced retinal damage.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Mar 7, 2003
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