Neurokinin B signaling in hermaphroditic species, a study of the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides)

Neurokinin B signaling in hermaphroditic species, a study of the orange-spotted grouper... Neurokinin B (NKB) plays important roles in the mammalian reproductive axis by modulating the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and gonadotropins. In the present study, the tac3 cDNA was cloned from a hermaphroditic species, the orange-spotted grouper. Sequence analysis showed that the grouper Tac3 precursor encoded two tachykinin peptides, NKB and NKB-related peptide (NKBRP). Expression analysis in different tissues revealed that tac3 mRNA was highly expressed in the brain of the orange-spotted grouper. In situ hybridization further revealed that it was localized in some hypothalamic nuclei associated with reproductive regulation. During ovarian development, an increase of tac3 expression in the hypothalamus was observed at vitellogenesis stage. Intraperitoneal administration of NKB could increase the gnrh1 and lhβ mRNA levels, and enhance the serum estrogen levels, but did not significantly influence lhβ expression in cultured pituitary cells, indicating that NKB does not directly exert its actions on the pituitary gland. However, it was found that NKBRP had no effect on the expression of two gnrhs and two gths in vivo and in vitro. Effects of sex steroids on tac3 expression were further investigated. During the 17-methyltestosterone-induced sex change in the orange-spotted grouper, hypothalamic tac3 expression showed no significant change. Interestingly, ovariectomy greatly stimulated tac3 expression, while the 17β-estradiol treatment reversed this effect. In general, our data highly indicated that NKB signaling could activate the reproductive axis in the orange-spotted grouper. Our study is the first description of the NKB signaling in the hermaphroditic species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png General and Comparative Endocrinology Elsevier

Neurokinin B signaling in hermaphroditic species, a study of the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides)

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/neurokinin-b-signaling-in-hermaphroditic-species-a-study-of-the-orange-qUUdG0gjf1
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0016-6480
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ygcen.2018.01.009
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Neurokinin B (NKB) plays important roles in the mammalian reproductive axis by modulating the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and gonadotropins. In the present study, the tac3 cDNA was cloned from a hermaphroditic species, the orange-spotted grouper. Sequence analysis showed that the grouper Tac3 precursor encoded two tachykinin peptides, NKB and NKB-related peptide (NKBRP). Expression analysis in different tissues revealed that tac3 mRNA was highly expressed in the brain of the orange-spotted grouper. In situ hybridization further revealed that it was localized in some hypothalamic nuclei associated with reproductive regulation. During ovarian development, an increase of tac3 expression in the hypothalamus was observed at vitellogenesis stage. Intraperitoneal administration of NKB could increase the gnrh1 and lhβ mRNA levels, and enhance the serum estrogen levels, but did not significantly influence lhβ expression in cultured pituitary cells, indicating that NKB does not directly exert its actions on the pituitary gland. However, it was found that NKBRP had no effect on the expression of two gnrhs and two gths in vivo and in vitro. Effects of sex steroids on tac3 expression were further investigated. During the 17-methyltestosterone-induced sex change in the orange-spotted grouper, hypothalamic tac3 expression showed no significant change. Interestingly, ovariectomy greatly stimulated tac3 expression, while the 17β-estradiol treatment reversed this effect. In general, our data highly indicated that NKB signaling could activate the reproductive axis in the orange-spotted grouper. Our study is the first description of the NKB signaling in the hermaphroditic species.

Journal

General and Comparative EndocrinologyElsevier

Published: May 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off