Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 101 (2016) 224–241 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/ympev Molecular and morphological phylogenetics of chelonine parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a critical assessment of divergence time estimations a,⇑ a a,b Rebecca N. Kittel , Andrew D. Austin , Seraina Klopfstein Australian Centre for Evolutionary Biology and Biodiversity, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia Naturhistorisches Museum der Burgergemeinde Bern, Bernastr. 15, CH-3005 Bern, Switzerland ar ti c l e i nf o ab stra ct Article history: Parasitoid wasps of the subfamily Cheloninae are both species rich and poorly known. Although the Received 19 October 2015 taxonomy of Cheloninae appears to be relatively stable, there is no clear understanding of relationships Revised 2 May 2016 among higher-level taxa. We here applied molecular phylogenetic analyses using three markers Accepted 11 May 2016 (COI, EF1a, 28S) and 37 morphological characters to elucidate the evolution and systematics of these Available online 11 May 2016 wasps. Analyses were based on 83 specimens representing 13 genera. All genera except Ascogaster, Phanerotoma, and Pseudophanerotoma formed monophyletic groups; Furcidentia (stat. rev.) is raised to Keywords: generic rank. Neither Chelonus (Chelonus) nor
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2016
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