Sorbosamine and psicosamine are the last two 1-amino-1-deoxy-hexuloses for which no structural data were available. We report on a13C NMR and a single crystal X-ray diffraction study of 1-deoxy-1-(N-methylphenylamino)-d-sorbose (1) and 1-deoxy-1-(N-methylphenylamino)-d-psicose (2). In solutions, both aminosugars are conformationally unstable and establish equilibria, with 90.7% α-pyranose, 3.8% α-furanose, 1.0% β-pyranose, 0.5% β-furanose, and 4.0% acyclic keto form for 1 and 32.4% α-furanose, 27.2% α-pyranose, 21.0% β-pyranose, 9.1% β-furanose, and 11.0% acyclic keto form for 2. X-ray diffraction data provided detailed structural information on 1 and 2 in the α-pyranose form. Both molecules adopt the 5C2 ring conformations, the bond distances and valence angles compare well with respective pyranose structures. All hydroxyl groups in crystal structures of both 1 and 2 participate in two-dimensional hydrogen bonding networks, the H-bonding pattern in 1 is dominated by co-crystallized water molecules. The Hirshfeld surface analysis revealed a significant contribution of non- or weakly polar interactions to the packing forces for both molecules, with crystal structure of 2 featuring short H⋯H contacts. Other structural features found in 2 are a significant planarity of the tertiary amino group (the pyramid heights are 0.127 Å in 2 vs 0.231 Å in 1), a concomitant non-involvement of the amine nitrogen in heteroatom contacts, and a unique anti-periplanar conformation around the C1C2 bond.
Journal of Molecular Structure – Elsevier
Published: May 15, 2018
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