Modulation of preproenkephalin mRNA levels in brain regions and spinal cord of rats treated chronically with morphine

Modulation of preproenkephalin mRNA levels in brain regions and spinal cord of rats treated... The effect of morphine tolerance/dependence and abstinence on the preproenkephalin (PPE) gene expression was determined in brain regions and spinal cord of the rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were rendered tolerant and physically dependent on morphine by SC implantation of six pellets, each containing 75 mg of morphine base, during a 7-day period. Placebo pellet-implanted rats served as controls. In tolerant rats, the pellets were left in place at the time of sacrifice wheras in abstinent rats, the pellets were removed 16 h prior to sacrificing. The levels of PPE mRNA were determined in brain regions (striatum, cortex, pons-medulla, hypothalamus, amygdala, and midbrain) and spinal cord. The levels of PPE mRNA increased significantly in the cortex (62%) and the spinal cord (352%) of morphine-tolerant rats when compared to placebo pellet-implanted control rats. In other brain regions, the levels of PPE mRNA in placebo and morphine-toleran: rats did not differ. On the other hand, in morphine-abstinent rats, the levels of PPE mRNA increased in the striatum (62%) and hypothalamus (34%) but were decreased in pons-medulla (68%), midbrain (51%), and spinal cord (36%) in comparison to the placebo controls. The results clearly demonstrate differential changes in enkephalin gene expression in brain regions and spinal cord of the abstinent and nonabstinent morphine-tolerant/dependent rats. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Peptides Elsevier

Modulation of preproenkephalin mRNA levels in brain regions and spinal cord of rats treated chronically with morphine

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0196-9781
DOI
10.1016/0196-9781(94)00199-G
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effect of morphine tolerance/dependence and abstinence on the preproenkephalin (PPE) gene expression was determined in brain regions and spinal cord of the rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were rendered tolerant and physically dependent on morphine by SC implantation of six pellets, each containing 75 mg of morphine base, during a 7-day period. Placebo pellet-implanted rats served as controls. In tolerant rats, the pellets were left in place at the time of sacrifice wheras in abstinent rats, the pellets were removed 16 h prior to sacrificing. The levels of PPE mRNA were determined in brain regions (striatum, cortex, pons-medulla, hypothalamus, amygdala, and midbrain) and spinal cord. The levels of PPE mRNA increased significantly in the cortex (62%) and the spinal cord (352%) of morphine-tolerant rats when compared to placebo pellet-implanted control rats. In other brain regions, the levels of PPE mRNA in placebo and morphine-toleran: rats did not differ. On the other hand, in morphine-abstinent rats, the levels of PPE mRNA increased in the striatum (62%) and hypothalamus (34%) but were decreased in pons-medulla (68%), midbrain (51%), and spinal cord (36%) in comparison to the placebo controls. The results clearly demonstrate differential changes in enkephalin gene expression in brain regions and spinal cord of the abstinent and nonabstinent morphine-tolerant/dependent rats.

Journal

PeptidesElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 1995

References

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