Moderate hypothermia (MH) used as treatment for neurological diseases has a protective effect; however, its mechanism remains unclear. Neuronal autophagy is a fundamental pathological process of early brain injury in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We found that moderate activation of autophagy can reduce nerve cells damage. In this study, We found that MH can moderately increase the level of autophagy in nerve cells and improve the neurological function in rats. This type of autophagy activation is dependent on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathways. The level of neuronal autophagy was down-regulated significantly by using U0126, an ERK signaling pathway inhibitor. In summary, these results suggest that MH can moderately activate neuronal autophagy through ERK signaling pathway, reduce nerve cell death, and produce neuroprotective effects.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Jul 20, 2018
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