Modelling and selection of micro-CHP systems for domestic energy supply: The dimension of network-wide primary energy consumption

Modelling and selection of micro-CHP systems for domestic energy supply: The dimension of... 1 Introduction</h5> Micro-Combined generation of Heat and Power (Micro-CHP) is a technology used to generate both heat and electricity on demand, usually within households and other individual buildings. Micro-CHPs, as part of micro-generation technologies, are reported to create environmental, economic and social benefits, such as reduction in greenhouse emission and operational cost, enhancing energy generation efficiency and energy supply security, and fostering a sense of responsibility on users [1–4] .</P>In recent years, micro-CHPs have been investigated by a number of researchers with respect to the operating strategies [5,10] , economics [6,7,11] , and energy and emission savings [7–11] . Operating strategies to maximise economic benefits and to minimise emissions have been studied by Hawkes and Leach [5] and Ren and Gao [10] . Pilavachi et al. [8] studied multi-criteria evaluation of CHP systems using a sustainability index template. Several types of technology were assessed for investment, fuel, heat and electricity cost, and efficiency, CO 2 generation and footprint. Bianchi et al. [9] modelled the energy impact of micro-CHP systems and analysed the profitability and Primary Energy Saving Index (PES) based on thermal and electrical efficiency values for micro-CHPs, boiler and electricity generation and distribution, ignoring gas distribution. Peacock http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Energy Elsevier

Modelling and selection of micro-CHP systems for domestic energy supply: The dimension of network-wide primary energy consumption

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0306-2619
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.09.069
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

1 Introduction</h5> Micro-Combined generation of Heat and Power (Micro-CHP) is a technology used to generate both heat and electricity on demand, usually within households and other individual buildings. Micro-CHPs, as part of micro-generation technologies, are reported to create environmental, economic and social benefits, such as reduction in greenhouse emission and operational cost, enhancing energy generation efficiency and energy supply security, and fostering a sense of responsibility on users [1–4] .</P>In recent years, micro-CHPs have been investigated by a number of researchers with respect to the operating strategies [5,10] , economics [6,7,11] , and energy and emission savings [7–11] . Operating strategies to maximise economic benefits and to minimise emissions have been studied by Hawkes and Leach [5] and Ren and Gao [10] . Pilavachi et al. [8] studied multi-criteria evaluation of CHP systems using a sustainability index template. Several types of technology were assessed for investment, fuel, heat and electricity cost, and efficiency, CO 2 generation and footprint. Bianchi et al. [9] modelled the energy impact of micro-CHP systems and analysed the profitability and Primary Energy Saving Index (PES) based on thermal and electrical efficiency values for micro-CHPs, boiler and electricity generation and distribution, ignoring gas distribution. Peacock

Journal

Applied EnergyElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 2014

References

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