Modeling cellulase kinetics on lignocellulosic substrates

Modeling cellulase kinetics on lignocellulosic substrates The enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose to glucose by cellulases is one of the major steps involved in the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to yield biofuel. This hydrolysis by cellulases, a heterogeneous reaction, currently suffers from some major limitations, most importantly a dramatic rate slowdown at high degrees of conversion. To render the process economically viable, increases in hydrolysis rates and yields are necessary and require improvement both in enzymes (via protein engineering) and processing, i.e. optimization of reaction conditions, reactor design, enzyme and substrate cocktail compositions, enzyme recycling and recovery strategies. Advances in both areas in turn strongly depend on the progress in the accurate quantification of substrate–enzyme interactions and causes for the rate slowdown. The past five years have seen a significant increase in the number of studies on the kinetics of the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. This review provides an overview of the models published thus far, classifies and tabulates these models, and presents an analysis of their basic assumptions. While the exact mechanism of cellulases on lignocellulosic biomass is not completely understood yet, models in the literature have elucidated various factors affecting the enzymatic rates and activities. Different assumptions regarding rate-limiting factors and basic substrate–enzyme interactions were employed to develop and validate these models. However, the models need to be further tested against additional experimental data to validate or disprove any underlying hypothesis. It should also provide better insight on additional parameters required in the case that more substrate and enzyme properties are to be included in a model. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biotechnology Advances Elsevier

Modeling cellulase kinetics on lignocellulosic substrates

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/modeling-cellulase-kinetics-on-lignocellulosic-substrates-U0nBzy102u
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0734-9750
DOI
10.1016/j.biotechadv.2009.06.005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose to glucose by cellulases is one of the major steps involved in the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to yield biofuel. This hydrolysis by cellulases, a heterogeneous reaction, currently suffers from some major limitations, most importantly a dramatic rate slowdown at high degrees of conversion. To render the process economically viable, increases in hydrolysis rates and yields are necessary and require improvement both in enzymes (via protein engineering) and processing, i.e. optimization of reaction conditions, reactor design, enzyme and substrate cocktail compositions, enzyme recycling and recovery strategies. Advances in both areas in turn strongly depend on the progress in the accurate quantification of substrate–enzyme interactions and causes for the rate slowdown. The past five years have seen a significant increase in the number of studies on the kinetics of the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. This review provides an overview of the models published thus far, classifies and tabulates these models, and presents an analysis of their basic assumptions. While the exact mechanism of cellulases on lignocellulosic biomass is not completely understood yet, models in the literature have elucidated various factors affecting the enzymatic rates and activities. Different assumptions regarding rate-limiting factors and basic substrate–enzyme interactions were employed to develop and validate these models. However, the models need to be further tested against additional experimental data to validate or disprove any underlying hypothesis. It should also provide better insight on additional parameters required in the case that more substrate and enzyme properties are to be included in a model.

Journal

Biotechnology AdvancesElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off