Pyrolysis conditions greatly affect the structure-reactivity relationship of char during coal gasification. This work investigated the effect of temperature and microwave heating on the structural properties of the chars generated during pyrolysis, as well as gaseous and tar products. Results showed that microwave pyrolysis of Mississippi coal produced more gaseous products and less tars compared to conventional pyrolysis. Higher CO/CO2 ratio (>1) was observed under microwave pyrolysis compared to conventional pyrolysis (CO/CO2 < 1), which may be explained by a greater extent of gasification between solid carbon and the CO2 formed during microwave pyrolysis. Additionally, in microwave pyrolysis, the oil tars generated exhibited lower concentrations of polar oxygenates, while the wax tars showed higher concentrations of non-polar alkanes, as observed from the intensity of CH vibrations in FTIR. The product compositions and FTIR analysis of the tars (oils and waxes) suggest that the microwave interacted preferentially with these polar species, which have relatively higher dielectric properties compared to alkanes. The structure–reactivity relationship of the chars produced was also investigated using a variety of characterization tools such as XRD, BET, SEM, EDS, and FTIR. Finally, the char reactivity towards combustion suggested that microwave-produced chars have a higher thermal stability, likely due to lower O/C ratios, and could be utilized in the metallurgical industry.
Fuel – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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