Obesity due to excessive lipid accumulation is closely associated with metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and inflammation. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie adipogenesis is crucial to develop treatments for diseases related to obesity. Here, we found that the microRNA-204-5p (miR-204-5p) was expressed at low levels in fat tissues from obese mice fed long-term with a high-fat diet (HFD). Overexpression or inhibition of miR-204-5p in vitro in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes significantly inhibited or promoted 3T3-L1 proliferation, respectively, an effect mediated by regulating cell proliferation factors. miR-204-5p also induced preadipocyte apoptosis by directly targeting the 3′ UTR region of Bcl-2, reducing the constitutive suppression of Bcl-2 on p53-dependent apoptosis. Interestingly, overexpression of miR-204-5p during adipocyte differentiation significantly increased the number of oil red O+ cells, triglyceride accumulation and the expression of markers associated with adipocyte differentiation. In contrast, inhibition of miR-204-5p had the opposite effect on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation. Luciferase activity assays and qRT-PCR showed that miR-204-5p regulates adipocyte differentiation by negatively regulating KLF3, a negative regulator of lipogenesis. Taken together, our findings showed that miR-204-5p inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of preadipocytes by regulating Bcl-2, but also promotes adipocyte differentiation by targeting KLF3.
Gene – Elsevier
Published: Aug 20, 2018
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