Collagen and convulxin induce platelet aggregation through glycoprotein VI (GPVI)-FcRγ-Syk signaling pathway. In addition, fibrinogen induces platelet activation through integrin αIIbβ3-FcγRIIa-Syk signaling pathway. We previously reported that high concentrations of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) reduce platelet aggregation induced by collagen. We further investigated the effects of SSRI on GPVI- and αIIbβ3-mediated signaling pathway. Citalopram and escitalopram, two relatively pure SSRI, were used in this study. Both citalopram and escitalopram concentration-dependently inhibited convulxin-induced platelet aggregation, serotonin (5-HT) release and the activation of αIIbβ3. 5-HT concentration in washed platelets was unchanged after short-term treatment with citalopram. The additional 5-HT failed to fully rescue the inhibitory effect of citalopram on convulxin-induced aggregation. Convulxin-induced phosphorylation of Syk, LAT, and Akt was inhibited by citalopram and escitalopram. Citalopram inhibited the interaction between FcRγ and Syk, whereas the phosphorylation of FcRγ in response to convulxin remained unaltered. Further, citalopram inhibited the increase of the interaction between serotonin transporter and Syk induced by convulxin. In the presence of Mn2+, escitalopram inhibited the formation of lamellipodia on immobilized fibrinogen. Escitalopram did not influence the binding of fibrinogen to platelets. It inhibited the phosphorylation of Syk and PAK triggered by the adhesion on fibrinogen. Our data demonstrate that micromolar concentrations of citalopram and escitalopram inhibit GPVI- and αIIbβ3-mediated platelet functions. The mechanism of the inhibitory effect of citalopram or escitalopram is not the influence on the activation of GPVI or the interaction between fibrinogen and αIIbβ3, but the interaction between Syk and its upstream molecules.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2019
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