1 Introduction</h5> In light of rising energy demand and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, countries all over the world are implementing targets for GHG emission reduction, improved energy efficiency, and increased clean energy production. This has led to increased implementation of distributed generation (DG) technologies, which supply efficient and/or renewable power, and are dispersed throughout the macro power system. Up until recently, DG units have not been interconnected and have only been seen as a backup rather than primary energy source  . Moreover, the intermittency of renewable energy generation makes it difficult to balance power in the main electricity grid. However, with a multitude of country targets on the horizon to increase renewable energy penetration, the role of DG is changing from backup to primary energy supply. The integration of these distributed energy resources (DER) into “microgrids” can thereby play a major role in achieving these targets and balancing power in the electricity grid.</P>A microgrid is a small scale, discrete electricity system consisting of interconnected renewable and traditional energy sources and storage with energy management systems in smart buildings. This means local consumers have the potential to meet some or all of their electricity needs through the generation
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews – Elsevier
Published: Dec 1, 2014
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