The present study emphasizes on the isolation, identification and characterization of a fluoride-resistant bacteria from contaminated groundwater of a severely affected rural area. The isolate was investigated for its possible role towards bioremediation of fluoride. Bacterial growth was determined by various carbon and nitrogen sources. Influence of parameters like initial fluoride concentration (5–25 mg L−1), pH (3–9) and temperature (15–42 °C) on fluoride removal by Providencia sp. KX926492 were also examined. SEM, EDX and FTIR were performed to analyse the surface texture, elemental composition and functional groups of the bacterium involved in the uptake of fluoride ions. 16S rRNA sequencing was performed to identify the isolate. Plackett-Burman design was employed to optimize the various parametric conditions of fluoride removal. Maximum removal of 82% was achieved when the initial fluoride concentration was 20 mgL−1 at pH 7 and 37 °C temperature with dextrose and nitrogen concentrations of 5 and 4 g per 50 mL respectively. Results suggested that Providencia vermicola (KX926492) could be a potential bacterium in removal of fluoride from contaminated water.
Journal of Environmental Management – Elsevier
Published: Dec 15, 2017
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