1 Introduction</h5> Cellulose is the major cell-wall polysaccharides of plants. It is entangled with lignin and hemicellulose carbohydrate polymers. Cellulose is a water-insoluble polymer composed of repeated units of β- d -glucopyranose interlinked by β-1,4 glycosidic bonds  . In cellulose polymer, each glucan chain length can reach up to 25,000 glucose residues. At the microscopic level 15–45 glucan chains combine to form a microfibril in a regular crystalline arrangement. A group of these microfibrils form a macrofibril or fiber/cellulose fibril or fiber. In its native state cellulose exists as a paracrystalline form with alternative crystalline and amorphous regions. Additionally, in few cases irregularities such as twists or voids exist in the cellulose fibers which increase their total surface area. Due to its crystalline nature cellulose is resistant to degradation  .</P>Plant biomass contains significant amount of cellulose which can be exploited as a valuable carbon source for production of value-added chemicals. To attain this task, depolymerization of cellulose into glucose is a prerequisite for microbial fermentation. There are two ways of converting cellulose to glucose: chemical and enzymatic hydrolysis. Chemical hydrolysis is performed using inorganic acids under harsh conditions. The hydrolysates thus obtained contain not only fermentable
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2014
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.
Copy and paste the desired citation format or use the link below to download a file formatted for EndNote
EndNoteExport to EndNote
ok to continue