We have demonstrated a novel method to fabricate microlenses for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) using templates of patterned microbes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Baker’s yeast), generally used in a microbiology laboratory, is allowed or restricted to grow in selected areas on a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane, which acts as a substrate. The process comprises of two autonomous approaches, namely, microbial and antimicrobial approaches, which employ inkjet printing for dispensing a suitable ink. The ink is a culture of microbes in the case of microbial approach and an antimicrobial agent in the antimicrobial approach. Once a three dimensional pattern evolves as a consequence of microbial growth, the substrate serves as a template for casting polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) microlenses. Among the two approaches, antimicrobial approach presents a pattern with low packing density of microlenses. But, microbial approach results into a densely packed array of microlenses with a significant randomness in the distribution of their diameter and height, as required for efficient light out-coupling. The microlenses obtained from both the approaches are attached to the air side of the glass in all three red, green and blue OLEDs. The luminance was measured with and without these microlenses. A maximum enhancement of 1.24X was attained.
Organic Electronics – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2016
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