Metformin regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and senescence through AMPK mediated H3K79 methylation: Relevance in age-associated vascular dysfunction

Metformin regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and senescence through AMPK mediated H3K79... Endothelial senescence in conjunction with mitochondrial dysfunction orchestrates age-associated cardiovascular disorders. In this study we investigated the causal link between these two processes and studied the molecular mechanisms by which metformin acts to coordinate the delay of endothelial senescence via enhancing mitochondrial biogenesis/function. AMPK activators metformin and AICAR delayed endothelial senescence via SIRT1-mediated upregulation of DOT1L, leading to increased trimethylation of H3K79 (H3K79me3). Treatment of cells with either siAMPK or siSIRT1 repressed DOT1L-mediated enhancement of H3K79me3. Moreover, the increase in SIRT3 expression and mitochondrial biogenesis/function by AMPK activators was H3K79me-dependent as H3K79N mutant or siDOT1L abrogated these effects. This was confirmed by the enrichment of H3K79me3 in the SIRT3 promoter with AMPK activation. Intriguingly, enhanced PGC-1α expression by SIRT3 via AMPK activation was responsible for increased hTERT expression and delayed endothelial senescence. In contrast, SIRT3 knockdown caused increased oxidative stress and premature senescence, possibly by depleting hTERT expression. Furthermore, a chronic low dose administration of metformin significantly attenuated vascular aging and inhibited age-associated atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE−/− mice. Overall, the results of this study show a novel regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis/function, and cellular senescence by H3K79me acting through SIRT3, thus providing a molecular basis for metformin-mediated age-delaying effects. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease Elsevier

Metformin regulates mitochondrial biogenesis and senescence through AMPK mediated H3K79 methylation: Relevance in age-associated vascular dysfunction

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/metformin-regulates-mitochondrial-biogenesis-and-senescence-through-4h4efxZAxM
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0925-4439
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bbadis.2018.01.018
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Endothelial senescence in conjunction with mitochondrial dysfunction orchestrates age-associated cardiovascular disorders. In this study we investigated the causal link between these two processes and studied the molecular mechanisms by which metformin acts to coordinate the delay of endothelial senescence via enhancing mitochondrial biogenesis/function. AMPK activators metformin and AICAR delayed endothelial senescence via SIRT1-mediated upregulation of DOT1L, leading to increased trimethylation of H3K79 (H3K79me3). Treatment of cells with either siAMPK or siSIRT1 repressed DOT1L-mediated enhancement of H3K79me3. Moreover, the increase in SIRT3 expression and mitochondrial biogenesis/function by AMPK activators was H3K79me-dependent as H3K79N mutant or siDOT1L abrogated these effects. This was confirmed by the enrichment of H3K79me3 in the SIRT3 promoter with AMPK activation. Intriguingly, enhanced PGC-1α expression by SIRT3 via AMPK activation was responsible for increased hTERT expression and delayed endothelial senescence. In contrast, SIRT3 knockdown caused increased oxidative stress and premature senescence, possibly by depleting hTERT expression. Furthermore, a chronic low dose administration of metformin significantly attenuated vascular aging and inhibited age-associated atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE−/− mice. Overall, the results of this study show a novel regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis/function, and cellular senescence by H3K79me acting through SIRT3, thus providing a molecular basis for metformin-mediated age-delaying effects.

Journal

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off