Thyroid hormones (TH) of maternal origin are crucial regulator of mammalian brain development during embryonic period. Although maternal TH deficiency during the critical periods of embryonic neo-cortical development often results in irreversible clinical outcomes, the fundamental basis of these abnormalities at a molecular level is still obscure. One of the key developmental process affected by maternal TH insufficiency is the delay in astrocyte maturation. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (Gfap) is a predominant cell marker of mature astrocyte and is regulated by TH status. Inspite, of being a TH responsive gene during neocortical development the mechanistic basis of Gfap transcriptional regulation by TH has remained elusive. In this study using rat model of maternal hypothyroidism, we provide evidence for an epigenetic silencing of Gfap under TH insufficiency and its recovery upon TH supplementation. Our results demonstrate increased DNA methylation coupled with decreased histone acetylation at the Gfap promoter leading to suppression of Gfap expression under maternal hypothyroidism. In concordance, we also observed a significant increase in histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity in neocortex of TH deficient embryos. Collectively, these results provide novel insight into the role of TH regulated epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, and histone modifications, which are critically important in mediating precise temporal neural gene regulation.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Jul 20, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera