1 Introduction</h5> China's economy has experienced fast-growing development over the last three decades since its reform and opening-up policy. In spite of rapid economic development, China is paying heavily because of over-exploitation and severe environmental pollution. Now, the increasing energy consumption and environmental pollution have raised great concern on the sustainability of China's economic growth. Due to accumulating negative impacts of environmental pollution on human health, Chinese government has proposed a strategic objective to build a resource-conservation and environment-friendly society so as to balance the three factors of economic development, energy consumption and environmental sustainability. For example, in 2014, China promulgated a new important environmental law, “Environmental Protection Law of People's Republic of China”, which gives more punitive powers to environmental authorities and also defines geographical “red lines” where the area's ecology must require special protection ( the NPC Standing Committee, 2014 ). Besides, Chinese government has recognized the importance of environmental efficiency measurement and improvement, and has taken a series of measures to deal with this issue, such as energy conservation assessment (ECA) and environmental impact assessment (EIA) ( Hu, 2012 ). Among all kinds of energy types, electricity is the major resource of energy in China
Journal of Cleaner Production – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 2015
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