This study proposes environmental DEA-based models to measure energy use efficiency, CO2 emissions efficiency, and an environmental-economic efficiency (EEE) for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies for the period of 2006–2010. In our models, population and total primary energy consumption are the two inputs, while GDP and CO2 emissions represent the desirable and undesirable outputs, respectively. Empirical results from 20 APEC economies showed that Australia, Brunei, Hong Kong, and Singapore were identified as efficient countries for five consecutive years from 2006 to 2010 in terms of energy use efficiency; as for CO2 emission efficiency, Brunei, Hong Kong, and Singapore were identified as efficient countries for the five consecutive years from 2006 to 2010. As far as EEE is concerned, most countries in APEC exhibited higher economic efficiency than environmental efficiency. Moreover, both energy use efficiency and CO2 emission efficiency were found to be significantly related to the EEE value (p < 0.01).
Journal of Cleaner Production – Elsevier
Published: May 10, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera