Measurement of purine nucleoside concentration in the intact rat retina

Measurement of purine nucleoside concentration in the intact rat retina Adenosine, produced from the decomposition of adenosine triphosphate, is believed to provide protective effects during ischemia. On the other hand, adenosine metabolites may serve as precursors for oxygen free radical formation. These substances have not been previously measured in intact vertebrate retina, where adenosine and its metabolites may play a role in the pathogenesis of ischemic injury. The small tissue mass of the retina, particularly in rats, renders these measurements challenging. Furthermore, accurate measurement of purine nucleosides requires immediate cessation of ongoing adenosine metabolism. Concentrations of adenosine and its purine nucleoside metabolites inosine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine in the retina of ketamine/xylazine-anesthetized rats were measured after in situ freezing using high-performance liquid chromatography. The retina was removed from the frozen eyes and analyzed. Quantitative measurements were made possible through the use of an internal standard. Ischemia was induced by ligation of the central retinal artery. Retinal purine nucleoside concentrations did not differ between the two eyes of the rat under control conditions, and there was no effect of placement of the ligating suture itself compared to completely unmanipulated eyes. Use of two different in situ freezing methods yielded comparable results. To evaluate the impact of a period of ischemia, one retina of each rat was ischemic for 30 min, and the other, non-ischemic. Our measurements were associated with a high degree of reproducibility and minimal variability, and significant changes in purine nucleoside concentrations were detectable in the retina after 30 min of ischemia. Our method may be used to assess the role of adenosine and its metabolites in the pathogenesis of ischemic neuronal injury, including in the retina. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neuroscience Methods Elsevier

Measurement of purine nucleoside concentration in the intact rat retina

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/measurement-of-purine-nucleoside-concentration-in-the-intact-rat-pr91ugQuJl
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0165-0270
eISSN
1872-678X
D.O.I.
10.1016/0165-0270(96)00061-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Adenosine, produced from the decomposition of adenosine triphosphate, is believed to provide protective effects during ischemia. On the other hand, adenosine metabolites may serve as precursors for oxygen free radical formation. These substances have not been previously measured in intact vertebrate retina, where adenosine and its metabolites may play a role in the pathogenesis of ischemic injury. The small tissue mass of the retina, particularly in rats, renders these measurements challenging. Furthermore, accurate measurement of purine nucleosides requires immediate cessation of ongoing adenosine metabolism. Concentrations of adenosine and its purine nucleoside metabolites inosine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine in the retina of ketamine/xylazine-anesthetized rats were measured after in situ freezing using high-performance liquid chromatography. The retina was removed from the frozen eyes and analyzed. Quantitative measurements were made possible through the use of an internal standard. Ischemia was induced by ligation of the central retinal artery. Retinal purine nucleoside concentrations did not differ between the two eyes of the rat under control conditions, and there was no effect of placement of the ligating suture itself compared to completely unmanipulated eyes. Use of two different in situ freezing methods yielded comparable results. To evaluate the impact of a period of ischemia, one retina of each rat was ischemic for 30 min, and the other, non-ischemic. Our measurements were associated with a high degree of reproducibility and minimal variability, and significant changes in purine nucleoside concentrations were detectable in the retina after 30 min of ischemia. Our method may be used to assess the role of adenosine and its metabolites in the pathogenesis of ischemic neuronal injury, including in the retina.

Journal

Journal of Neuroscience MethodsElsevier

Published: Sep 1, 1996

References

  • Brain adenosine concentration during hypoxia in rats
    Winn, H.R.; Rubio, R.; Berne, R.M.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off