Mathematical modelling and MINLP programming of a hydro system for power generation

Mathematical modelling and MINLP programming of a hydro system for power generation 1 Introduction</h5> Electricity-supply is a basic necessity of the modern age. Water-energy, sea waves, tides, wind, the sun and geo-thermal energy belong amongst the cleaner renewable resources on Earth. Of all the forms represented water-potential is the most important sustainably-oriented form for electricity generation ( Fraenkel et al., 1991 ).</P>Electricity production from hydro-systems is one of the more cost-effective forms of energy technology. Choosing which depends on a number of environmental, technological, and social factors. The more prominent amongst them are the availability of resources, energy-efficiency, the economics of the plant, and technical requirements ( Josée et al., 2004 ). Hydropower plant systems are, according to the installed power of the plant, classified as large, medium, small, mini, micro, nano, and pico systems. Nano-hydro systems are relatively small resources of energy with installed capacities below 10 kW (micro systems are defined below 50 kW), and are therefore suitable for individuals or small groups of users ( Medved and Novak, 2000; Paish, 2002a; Davis, 2003 ). Thanks to better and more easily accessible materials, cheaper control systems, more efficient turbines, and cheap pipe work, conditions from the financial aspect of investment in renewable-energy resources have begun to improve. The http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cleaner Production Elsevier

Mathematical modelling and MINLP programming of a hydro system for power generation

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0959-6526
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.09.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

1 Introduction</h5> Electricity-supply is a basic necessity of the modern age. Water-energy, sea waves, tides, wind, the sun and geo-thermal energy belong amongst the cleaner renewable resources on Earth. Of all the forms represented water-potential is the most important sustainably-oriented form for electricity generation ( Fraenkel et al., 1991 ).</P>Electricity production from hydro-systems is one of the more cost-effective forms of energy technology. Choosing which depends on a number of environmental, technological, and social factors. The more prominent amongst them are the availability of resources, energy-efficiency, the economics of the plant, and technical requirements ( Josée et al., 2004 ). Hydropower plant systems are, according to the installed power of the plant, classified as large, medium, small, mini, micro, nano, and pico systems. Nano-hydro systems are relatively small resources of energy with installed capacities below 10 kW (micro systems are defined below 50 kW), and are therefore suitable for individuals or small groups of users ( Medved and Novak, 2000; Paish, 2002a; Davis, 2003 ). Thanks to better and more easily accessible materials, cheaper control systems, more efficient turbines, and cheap pipe work, conditions from the financial aspect of investment in renewable-energy resources have begun to improve. The

Journal

Journal of Cleaner ProductionElsevier

Published: Feb 15, 2014

References

  • Small hydro power: technology and current status
    Paish, O.

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