Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow, myocardial perfusion grade (MPG), and infarct size are established markers of reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Whether these markers provide long-term prognostic information remains unknown. This study included 1,406 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Postreperfusion TIMI flow, MPG, and infarct size (evaluated by scintigraphy at 7 to 14 days) were measured. The primary outcome was 8-year mortality. Overall there were 190 deaths. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of mortality were 22.6% (37 deaths) and 16.8% (153 deaths) according to TIMI flow ≤2 and TIMI flow 3 (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.66 to 1.00, p = 0.058 for 1 grade increment), 21.6% (106 deaths) and 14.5% (84 deaths) according to MPG ≤2 and MPG 3 (adjusted HR 0.87 [0.77 to 0.98], p = 0.020 for 1 grade increment) and 21.7% (115 deaths) and 13.7% (75 deaths) according to infarct size >10% (median value) and infarct size ≤10% of the left ventricle (adjusted HR 1.08 [1.03 to 1.13], p = 0.001, for 5% of left ventricle increment in infarct size). The C statistic of the model for all-cause mortality was 0.810 (0.781 to 0.839) with baseline variables, 0.812 (0.783 to 0.841) after incorporation of TIMI flow (P for significance compared to the model with baseline variables = 0.140), 0.813 (0.784 to 0.841) after incorporation of MPG (p = 0.345) and 0.815 (0.786 to 0.842) after incorporation of infarct size (p = 0.08). In conclusion, markers of reperfusion independently predict long-term mortality after primary percutaneous coronary intervention but offer limited incremental prognostic value to that provided by evaluation of baseline cardiovascular risk factors and clinical data.
The American Journal of Cardiology – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera