Magnesium and calcium silicate hydrates

Magnesium and calcium silicate hydrates The structure and chemistry of magnesium silicate hydrates (M-S-H) is significantly different from calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H), although both phases are poorly crystalline and have a variable chemical composition. The molar Ca/Si ratio in synthetic C-S-H varies from approximately 0.7 to 1.5 and the Mg/Si ratio in M-S-H from 0.7 to 1.3. In M-S-H silica sheets are present, while the silica in C-S-H is organized in single chains. In addition, M-S-H contains more chemically bound water than C-S-H. Analyses of synthetic samples containing both magnesium and calcium with a total (Mg+Ca)/Si of 0.8 indicate the formation of separate M-S-H and C-S-H gels with no or very little uptake of magnesium in C-S-H or calcium in M-S-H. The clear difference in the silica structure and the difference in ionic radius of Ca2+ and Mg2+ make the formation of an extended solid solution between M-S-H and C-S-H gel improbable. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cement and Concrete Research Elsevier

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0008-8846
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.cemconres.2015.06.007
Publisher site
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Abstract

The structure and chemistry of magnesium silicate hydrates (M-S-H) is significantly different from calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H), although both phases are poorly crystalline and have a variable chemical composition. The molar Ca/Si ratio in synthetic C-S-H varies from approximately 0.7 to 1.5 and the Mg/Si ratio in M-S-H from 0.7 to 1.3. In M-S-H silica sheets are present, while the silica in C-S-H is organized in single chains. In addition, M-S-H contains more chemically bound water than C-S-H. Analyses of synthetic samples containing both magnesium and calcium with a total (Mg+Ca)/Si of 0.8 indicate the formation of separate M-S-H and C-S-H gels with no or very little uptake of magnesium in C-S-H or calcium in M-S-H. The clear difference in the silica structure and the difference in ionic radius of Ca2+ and Mg2+ make the formation of an extended solid solution between M-S-H and C-S-H gel improbable.

Journal

Cement and Concrete ResearchElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2015

References

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