Immunological mechanisms of hygiene hypothesis are expected to develop a novel strategy for allergy prevention. Although a large number of studies has investigated the relation between allergies and infection, little is known about the influence of the exposure to infections on antigen uptake by dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, we examined the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) priming in early life on the antigen uptake ability of DCs by using an original mouse model. LPS priming in juvenile mice decreased the migration of antigen-capturing CD11c+ cells in the lymph nodes, but not in aged mice. Besides, the bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) from juvenile LPS-primed mice had the poor antigen uptake ability, and constitutively produced NO through the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Interestingly, the LPS priming-induced poor antigen uptake of BMDCs was mimicked by the NO donor, and recovered by the iNOS inhibitor. Additionally, LPS priming in juvenile mice prevented the allergic reactions, but not in aged mice.Our results suggested that an exposure to infections in early life prevents allergy through the alteration of the BM cells fate that is to induce the differentiation of BM cells into inhibitory DCs such as NO-producing DCs.
Immunobiology – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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