Applied Energy 154 (2015) 959–969 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Long-term optimal energy mix planning towards high energy security and low GHG emission a,⇑ b,1 c,1 Sundar Raj Thangavelu , Ashwin M. Khambadkone , Iftekhar A. Karimi Experimental Power Grid Centre, Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences, 3 Pesek Road, Singapore 627590 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 4 Engineering Drive 4, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117585 Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 4 Engineering Drive 4, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117585 highl i ghts graphical a bstrac t We develop long-term energy planning considering the future uncertain inputs. We analyze the effect of uncertain inputs on the energy cost and energy security. Conventional energy mix prone to cause high energy cost and energy security issues. Stochastic and optimal energy mix show beneﬁts over conventional energy planning. Nuclear option consideration reduces the energy cost and carbon emissions. article i nfo abstract Article history: Conventional energy planning focused on energy cost, GHG emission and renewable contribution based Received 5 February 2015 on future energy demand, fuel price, etc. Uncertainty in the projected variables such as energy demand, Received in revised form 30 April
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Sep 15, 2015
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