•The effects of TI and ventilative cooling on the overheating risk in offices have been analyzed with a multidimensional approach.•A new indicator, the life cycle efficiency ratio (LCER), has been introduced, this parameter expressing the ratio between the embodied impacts and the operative savings induced by a particular scenario.•Natural ventilation reduces cooling needs ranges from 16% (low TI) up to more than 95% (high TI).•Mechanical ventilation based on temperature gradients is three times more efficient in reducing cooling needs than mechanical ventilation based on time schedule.•On LCA, when traditional cement-based materials are used, high TI levels don’t have any benefits (embodied impacts higher than operative savings, translated into a low LCER nonetheless middle levels maximize TI efficiency as passive cooling strategy.
Energy and Buildings – Elsevier
Published: Mar 15, 2018
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