Life cycle assessment of defluoridation of water using laterite soil based adsorbents

Life cycle assessment of defluoridation of water using laterite soil based adsorbents The present study deals with the life cycle assessment (LCA) of defluoridation of water using thermally treated laterite (TTL), acid treated laterite (ATL) and acid-base treated laterite (ABTL). The scope of LCA study consists of cradle to grave approach (i.e., from the acquisition of raw materials to the management of spent adsorbent). Environmental impacts associated with the defluoridation process are interpreted with the help of CML 2001 and TRACI methods using GaBi 6.0 software. All calculations are based on the amount of adsorbent required to reduce fluoride concentration from 10 mg/L to 1.5 mg/L of 720 L water. The results from life cycle impact assessment reveal that the overall impacts are highest for TTL followed by ABTL and ATL. The fluoride adsorption capacity of adsorbents is found as the key factor influencing environmental impacts. Further, through sensitivity analysis, loading capacity of the vehicle and the distance between the mining and the processing site are found to play important role in environmental degradation, which can be reduced by selecting a vehicle with lower loading capacity due to its higher fuel economy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cleaner Production Elsevier

Life cycle assessment of defluoridation of water using laterite soil based adsorbents

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0959-6526
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.176
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present study deals with the life cycle assessment (LCA) of defluoridation of water using thermally treated laterite (TTL), acid treated laterite (ATL) and acid-base treated laterite (ABTL). The scope of LCA study consists of cradle to grave approach (i.e., from the acquisition of raw materials to the management of spent adsorbent). Environmental impacts associated with the defluoridation process are interpreted with the help of CML 2001 and TRACI methods using GaBi 6.0 software. All calculations are based on the amount of adsorbent required to reduce fluoride concentration from 10 mg/L to 1.5 mg/L of 720 L water. The results from life cycle impact assessment reveal that the overall impacts are highest for TTL followed by ABTL and ATL. The fluoride adsorption capacity of adsorbents is found as the key factor influencing environmental impacts. Further, through sensitivity analysis, loading capacity of the vehicle and the distance between the mining and the processing site are found to play important role in environmental degradation, which can be reduced by selecting a vehicle with lower loading capacity due to its higher fuel economy.

Journal

Journal of Cleaner ProductionElsevier

Published: Apr 10, 2018

References

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