The efficacy of catheter ablation (CA) of nonparoxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction is controversial. We investigated the outcomes of CA for non-PAF in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and the impact of early left atrial (LA) reverse remodeling on these outcomes. A total of 251 consecutive patients who underwent CA for non-PAF were divided into 2 groups (reduced: preoperative LVEF ≤55%, LVEF: 46.5 ± 8.7%, n = 63; normal: >55%, 65.8 ± 5.8%, n = 188). We analyzed the 4-year atrial fibrillation- or atrial tachycardia (AT)-free survival rate and assessed changes in LVEF, hemodynamics, and LA reverse remodeling at the end of a 90-day blanking period. We also evaluated LA reverse remodeling in patients with and without recurrence. The atrial fibrillation- or AT-free survival rates were similar (reduced vs normal 48% vs 42%, p = 0.32). The reduced group exhibited significant LVEF improvement (before vs after, 46.5 ± 8.7% vs 58.4 ± 11.5%, p <0.001), reduced mitral regurgitation, and spectral tissue Doppler-derived index, and had greater percent maximum left atrial volume reduction (reduced vs normal 25.3 ± 18.2% vs 19.3 ± 16.2%, p = 0.014). Percent maximum left atrial volume reduction was greater in patients without recurrence (with recurrence vs without recurrence 17.3 ± 16.7% vs 25.4 ± 16.1%, p <0.001). In conclusion, the efficacy of non-PAF CA in patients with reduced LVEF was comparable with that in patients with normal LVEF. Greater LA reverse remodeling in these patients suggests an association with a reduced recurrence rate.
The American Journal of Cardiology – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2018
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