The drag, lift and moment coefficients of differently shaped single particles have been determined as a function of the angle of incidence at particle Reynolds numbers between Re = 0.3 and 240 under different conditions. For this purpose simulations of the flow around these particles have been performed using the three-dimensional Lattice Boltzmann method. In the first case studied a particle is fixed in a uniform flow, in the second case the particle is rotating in a uniform flow to determine, among others, the Magnus lift force and in the third case the particle is fixed in a linear shear flow. In the first case six particle shapes are considered, i.e. a sphere, a spheroid, a cube, a cuboid and two cylinders with an axis ratio of 1 and 1.5, respectively. In the second and third case the sphere and the spheroid are considered. At the higher Re considered, the drag depends strongly on particle shape, the angle of incidence and particle rotation. The lift and the torque of both the sphere and the spheroid are strongly affected by particle rotation and fluid shear. For approximately Re ⩽ 1, the shear induced lift for unbounded flow could not be simulated as the top and bottom wall have a significant influence in the current flow configuration. The shear induced lift of the sphere changes direction at approximately Re = 50 and the mean (over the orientation) shear induced lift of the spheroid changes direction at approximately Re = 90.
Computers & Fluids – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2009
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