The lateral masking effect results in lower performance on letter recognition when items are flanked by other stimuli. Using a new paradigm based on discrimination (feature analysis) and categorization (memory access) tasks, we investigated the influence of level of processing (as addressed, respectively, by these two tasks) and stimulus type (Latin letters, Korean letters and geometrical figures) on lateral masking. In addition, performance of dyslexic and non-dyslexic adult readers was compared. The non-dyslexic participants demonstrated a classical lateral masking effect with lower performance for flanked items than isolated ones. In addition, lateral masking was stronger in the categorization than in the discrimination task and was restricted to familiar items, i.e., Latin letters and geometrical figures. Dyslexic participants showed poorer performance than non-dyslexics on processing isolated items, and the pattern of decrease in performance for lateral masking was similar to non-dyslexics. However, they also showed a stronger decrease in performance in categorization and a stronger decrease related to the lateral masking for this categorization task. Our results in normal readers suggest that lateral masking relies on the interference between the target and the flankers during feature integration that may result in marked impairment of memory access (categorization task). Poorer performance in dyslexic readers may reflect impaired parafoveal/peripheral low-level processing during feature integration that may have worsened during the flanked condition due to a target selection/spatial-attentional disorder. Moreover, dyslexic subjects presented an additional categorization deficit that may relate to a specific left-hemispheric disorder.
Neuropsychologia – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2006
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera