Despite the increased sophistication of numerical models and field techniques for investigating wave-induced nearshore sediment transport and ensuing beach morphological response, there remains a significant demand for large-scale laboratory experiments to address this research topic. Here, we describe the Barrier Dynamics II Experiment (BARDEX II), which involved placing a near prototype-scale sandy barrier in the middle of the Delta Flume in the Netherlands and subjecting the structure to a range of wave, tide, and water level conditions. A unique aspect of the experiment was the presence of a lagoon behind the barrier, as often occurs in natural barrier settings, providing a convenient means to experimentally manipulate the groundwater hydrology within the barrier. The overall aim of the BARDEX II was to collect a large-scale data set of energetic waves acting on a sandy beach/barrier system to improve our quantitative understanding and modeling capability of shallow water sediment transport processes in the inner surf, swash, and overwash zone. In this paper, we introduce BARDEX II and provide a detailed description of the experiment, including the experimental design, instrumentation, test program, and data set, as well as presenting some examples of the morphological and hydrodynamic data set. We also reflect objectively on the strengths and weaknesses of the data set. This paper serves as an introduction to a special issue of Coastal Engineering, solely devoted to the results of BARDEX II.
Coastal Engineering – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2016
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