An ideal adhesive lap joint is one in which the adhesive flexibility and strength properties vary along the overlap length. Because of greater adhesive shear strains at the edges of the overlap, a ductile and flexible adhesive should be used at the overlap ends, while in the middle a stiff and less-ductile adhesive should be used. This technique has been investigated in the past but only a few studies have reported any experimental evidence. In the present study, single-lap adhesive joints were manufactured and tested maintaining the same brittle adhesive in the middle of the overlap and using three different ductile adhesives of increasing ductility at the ends of the overlap. A simple joint strength prediction is proposed for mixed-adhesive joints. The mixed-adhesive technique gives joint strength improvements in relation to a brittle adhesive alone in all cases. For a mixed adhesive joint to be stronger than the brittle adhesive and the ductile adhesive used individually, the load carried by the brittle adhesive must be higher than that carried by the ductile adhesive.
International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2009
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