We report a facile approach to synthesize Fe-Sb-based hybrid oxides nanocomposites consisting of Sb, Sb2O3, and Fe3O4 for use as new anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. The composites are synthesized via galvanic replacement between Fe3+ and Sb at high temperature in triethylene glycol medium. The phase, morphology, and composition changes of the composites involved in the various stages of the replacement reaction are characterized using X-ray diffractometry, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The as-prepared composites have different compositions with very small particle sizes (<< 10 nm). The FexSbyOz-18 h composite, for instance, exhibits high capacity, better cyclic stability, and rate performance than other composites, with a highly stable specific capacity of 434 mAh g−1 at 500 cycles. The excellent electrochemical performance can be ascribed to the high interfacial contact area between the nanocomposite and electrolyte, stable structure of the composites owing to a mixture of inactive phases generated by the conversion reaction between Li+ and oxide metal—whose structure serves as an electron conductor, inhibits agglomeration of Sb particles, and acts as an effective buffer against volume change of Sb during cycling—and high Li+ diffusion ability.
Journal of Power Sources – Elsevier
Published: Jun 15, 2018
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