In this study we showed that the virulent Moscow strain of Ectromelia virus (ECTV-MOS) infection leads to induction of apoptosis in the BALB/c mouse central nervous system. ECTV-MOS-infected cells and inflammation sites were found in brain parenchyma between 5 and 15 days after footpad infection with ECTV-MOS. Infected cells consisted of microglia and monocytes, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes and these type of cells underwent apoptosis within 5–15 days post infection (d.p.i.). The highest number of apoptotic cells was found at 5 and 10 d.p.i. and represented mainly microglia (61.4% and 38.6% of apoptotic cells, respectively) and astrocytes (21% and 8.9%, respectively). The number of apoptotic oligodendrocytes was 5.4% and 4.5%, respectively. Fluorometric assays demonstrated involvement of caspase-1, -3 and -8 but not caspase-9 in apoptosis in ECTV-MOS-infected mouse brains. Expression of Fas/FasL was significantly increased on ECTV-MOS-infected cells between 5 and 15 d.p.i., whereas Fas was up-regulated also on the surrounding, non-infected cells. Taking together we may conclude that ECTV-MOS infection of microglia and astrocytes leads to local inflammation resulting in Fas/FasL up-regulation and apoptosis, which limits mouse central nervous system infection with ECTV-MOS.
Virus Research – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2006
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