Fuel 217 (2018) 605–616 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Fuel journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/fuel Full Length Article Investigation of inﬂuence of the additives of expired paracetamol (PR) and naproxen (NP) on the changes in volume of heated charge of a higher rank coal a, a a b V. Zubkova , A. Strojwas , M. Kaniewski , S. Ziomber Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, 15G Swietokrzyska Str., 25-410 Kielce, Poland JSW SA, 4 Jana Pavla II Str., 44-330 Kielce, Poland GR APHICAL A BSTRACT ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: The paper focuses on the changes taking place during carbonization in the charge of a commercial sample of a TG/FT-IR higher rank coal under the inﬂuence of two additives of expired pharmaceuticals that change the volume of such Carbonization charge in a diﬀerent way. The changes in volume of the charge were determined by X-raying. The inﬂuence of Change in volume the additives on the mass loss of coal during pyrolysis and the composition of formed products was determined Additives by the TG/FT-IR technique. The plasticized coal from the charge with and without additives was extracted by a SEM mixture of methanol and chloroform. The obtained extracts were investigated
Fuel – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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