Galling as defined by ASTM G40  Terms and Definitions relating to wear and erosion, requires the formation of protrusion (excrescences) from a surface after rubbing contact. However, there are other forms of damage that can occur that can affect the serviceability of a tribosystem. For example, a couple in relative sliding may not form excrescences, but the wear rate can be so large that the test couple would be unsuitable for use. A similar situation can exist if adhesive transfer dominates on the rubbing surfaces.This paper describes some of the standard galling tests and proposes interpretation of galling results using a multifaceted evaluation matrix that leads to a compatibility rating for a particular sliding couple. The ASTM standard test employs visual inspection of rubbed surfaces to determine if galling occurred. The proposed interpretation uses visual as well as low-powered binocular microscope examination.The pros and cons of the existing standard tests (ASTM G 98 and G 196) are discussed and it is shown that the proposed rating system solves problems that arise with the present “gall” or not galled” rating system.
Wear – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2015
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