1 Introduction</h5> In the framework of the Belgian Interuniversity Attraction Pole (IAP) TIMOTHY project two models were developed to describe the microbiological quality of the surface waters in the Scheldt watershed. The aims of the project are related to assessing the long-term impact of anthropogenic activities in the watershed. To achieve these aims, the preferred strategy was to combine models with field measurements. A large body of literature exists on real-time modelling of microbiological water quality using black-box, statistical models (e.g. Heberger et al., 2008 and references therein; Stidson et al., 2011 ). These models can be very accurate for the (short-term) prediction of water quality, but they hardly offer any mechanistic insights in the system. However, as the TIMOTHY project aimed at an integrated understanding of the driving processes and an assessment of different future scenarios, it was decided to develop mechanistic models, modelling (as explicitly as possible) the main processes influencing the microbiological water quality in the Scheldt.</P>Both microbiological water quality models developed for the Scheldt consider Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) concentrations, as an indicator for the microbiological water quality. The two models are conceptually different, because they were originally designed for distinct types
Science of the Total Environment – Elsevier
Published: Jan 15, 2014
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