Insulin stimulates GLUT4 translocation in the semitendinosus muscle of Shetland ponies

Insulin stimulates GLUT4 translocation in the semitendinosus muscle of Shetland ponies Glucose homeostasis depends on insulin-regulated glucose uptake in the skeletal muscles and fat tissues via glucose transporter (GLUT) 4 translocation into cellular plasma membranes. The present study sought to elucidate GLUT4 expression, GLUT1 and GLUT4 translocation and glucose uptake in the skeletal muscles of Shetland ponies. Semitendinosus muscle explants were removed by open muscle biopsy from six Shetland pony geldings under general anaesthesia. The expression of GLUT4 was analysed by measuring muscle crude membrane (CM) GLUT4 protein contents. To determine the insulin-stimulated GLUT translocation, GLUT1 and GLUT4 concentrations were measured in partially purified plasma membranes (PM) and cytoplasmic vesicles (CV). GLUT contents were determined semi-quantitatively by Western blotting. Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was analysed using 3- O - d -methyl( 3 H)glucose uptake. Incubation of semitendinosus muscle strips with 0.1 and 20 mIU/mL insulin significantly increased GLUT4 translocation (PM GLUT4 contents), but had no significant effect on GLUT4 expression (CM GLUT4 concentrations) or PM GLUT1. The uptake of myocyte 3- O -Methylglucose was not significantly increased following insulin stimulation. The sub-cellular fractionation technique proved to be an appropriate tool for determining insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation in equine skeletal muscle. GLUT4 translocation in equines is insulin-dependent, as has been described in rodents and farm animals, but insulin-stimulated GLUT4 activation in ponies is lower than reported for pigs and cows under the same experimental conditions. Poor insulin-activated GLUT4 translocation may account for insulin resistance in ponies in previous euglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic clamp tests. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Veterinary Journal Elsevier

Insulin stimulates GLUT4 translocation in the semitendinosus muscle of Shetland ponies

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/insulin-stimulates-glut4-translocation-in-the-semitendinosus-muscle-of-UHmcpbC6Jx
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
1090-0233
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.01.024
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Glucose homeostasis depends on insulin-regulated glucose uptake in the skeletal muscles and fat tissues via glucose transporter (GLUT) 4 translocation into cellular plasma membranes. The present study sought to elucidate GLUT4 expression, GLUT1 and GLUT4 translocation and glucose uptake in the skeletal muscles of Shetland ponies. Semitendinosus muscle explants were removed by open muscle biopsy from six Shetland pony geldings under general anaesthesia. The expression of GLUT4 was analysed by measuring muscle crude membrane (CM) GLUT4 protein contents. To determine the insulin-stimulated GLUT translocation, GLUT1 and GLUT4 concentrations were measured in partially purified plasma membranes (PM) and cytoplasmic vesicles (CV). GLUT contents were determined semi-quantitatively by Western blotting. Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was analysed using 3- O - d -methyl( 3 H)glucose uptake. Incubation of semitendinosus muscle strips with 0.1 and 20 mIU/mL insulin significantly increased GLUT4 translocation (PM GLUT4 contents), but had no significant effect on GLUT4 expression (CM GLUT4 concentrations) or PM GLUT1. The uptake of myocyte 3- O -Methylglucose was not significantly increased following insulin stimulation. The sub-cellular fractionation technique proved to be an appropriate tool for determining insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation in equine skeletal muscle. GLUT4 translocation in equines is insulin-dependent, as has been described in rodents and farm animals, but insulin-stimulated GLUT4 activation in ponies is lower than reported for pigs and cows under the same experimental conditions. Poor insulin-activated GLUT4 translocation may account for insulin resistance in ponies in previous euglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic clamp tests.

Journal

The Veterinary JournalElsevier

Published: May 1, 2010

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off