A recent rheological study of carbon-fibre-reinforced PEEK (CF/PEEK) demonstrated highly complex behaviour, involving phenomenological differences at low and high strain rates. To explain the behaviour, it was hypothesised that CF/PEEK responds as a yield-stress fluid at low strain rates, with boundary-lubricated, fibre-fibre friction determining the viscosity, and as a viscous fluid at high strain rates, with polymer melt viscosity dominating the response. In this paper, a novel finite-element methodology, incorporating fibre friction and melt viscosity in the same model, is employed to study this hypothesis. Two-fibre models investigate how fibre friction and melt viscosity combine to produce an overall composite viscosity. Representative-volume-element (RVE) models examine multi-fibre/melt response, and demonstrate that inclusion of fibre friction produces the observed yield-stress behaviour at low strain rates, and viscous behaviour at high strain rates. Another phenomenon which affects rheological measurements of such composites is shear banding in the sample, which occurs in the yield-stress regime. This effect is demonstrated in the models, and analysis of load transfer between fibres and melt explains how it arises, and how it leads to diminished values of measured viscosity. The results pave the way for improved process models for high-throughput manufacturing processes such as Automated Tape Placement.
Composite Structures – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera