Bioresource Technology 249 (2018) 758–766 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Bioresource Technology journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/biortech Insight into the eﬀect of organic and inorganic draw solutes on the ﬂux stability and sludge characteristics in the osmotic membrane bioreactor a a, a Muhammad Saboor Siddique , Sher Jamal Khan , Muhammad Aamir Shahzad , b c Muhammad Saqib Nawaz , Nicholas P. Hankins Institute of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (IESE), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering (SCEE), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Sector H-12, Islamabad, Pakistan 3W Systems (Private) Limited, Near Johar Town, Lahore, Pakistan Department of Engineering Science, The University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PJ, UK GR APHICAL A BSTRACT ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: In this study, chloride based (CaCl and MgCl ) and acetate based (NaOAc and MgOAc) salts in comparison with 2 2 Osmotic membrane bioreactor NaCl were investigated as draw solutions (DS) to evaluate their viability in the osmotic membrane bioreactor Membrane distillation (OMBR). Membrane distillation was coupled with an OMBR setup to develop a hybrid OMBR-MD system, for the Draw solutes production of clean water and DS recovery. Results demonstrate that organic DS were able to mitigate the Reverse solute transport
Bioresource Technology – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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