Peroxynitrite is a cytotoxic species generated by the reaction between superoxide and nitric oxide. The ability of catechins and their gallate esters to decrease peroxynitrite-induced nitration of tyrosine and to limit surface charge alteration of low density lipoprotein (LDL) was investigated. All compounds tested were found to be potent peroxynitrite scavengers preventing the nitration of tyrosine. The ability of the catechin polyphenols at 10 μM to minimise tyrosine nitration induced by peroxynitrite (500 μM) was ECG (38.1 ± 3.6%) ≈ EGCG (32.1 ± 7.5%) ≈ gallic acid (32.1 ± 1.9%) > catechin (23.9 ± 5.4%) ≈ epicatechin (22.9 ± 3.3%) ≈ EGC (19.9 ± 2.0%). Trolox (10 μM) was used as the standard for comparative purposes and was found to be less effective than the polyphenols in inhibiting tyrosine nitration (13.6 ± 2.9%). The catechin polyphenols were also found to offer protection from peroxynitrite-induced modification of critical amino acids of apolipoprotein B-100 of LDL which contribute towards its surface charge.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Mar 6, 1997
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera