The current investigation was conducted to determine the influence of pectinase treatment on fruit spirits produced from apple mash, juice, and pomace. Crispin apples were processed into apple mash, juice, and pomace in our pilot-plant, and fermented with a commercial Red Star wine yeast ( Sachharomyces cerevisiae Davis 904). After fermentation, the samples of fermented apple mash, juice, and pomace were distilled, and the distillates were analyzed by HPLC with a Bio-Rad Aminex HPX 87H column and a refractive index detector. Methanol, ethanol, n -propanol, iso -butanol, and iso -amyl alcohol were identified as the major alcohols in all the apple spirits. Student's t -test results indicate that there are significant differences between the methanol concentrations of pectinase treated and non-pectinase treated apple spirits. Duncan's multiple range tests show significant differences in the concentrations of methanol of the fruit spirits made from apple mash, juice, and pomace. Apple pomace yielded significantly higher methanol concentrations than apple mash and juice. Pectinase treatment had little effect on the concentrations of n -propanol, iso -butanol, and iso -amyl alcohol. It is concluded that fruit spirits made from the pectinase treated mash, juice, and pomace of Crispin apples had methanol concentrations significantly above the United States FDA guidance of 0.35% by volume or 280 mg/100 mL of fruit brandy containing 40% ethanol.
Process Biochemistry – Elsevier
Published: Oct 1, 2011
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera