Influence of excess sodium addition on the structural characteristics and electrical conductivity of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3

Influence of excess sodium addition on the structural characteristics and electrical conductivity... The current study investigates the influence of adding excess Na on the structure and conductivity of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3. Polycrystalline bulk samples were prepared via conventional solid-state reaction method. XRD confirmed the presence of rhombohedral perovskite as a primary phase in all the samples. SEM revealed the existence of secondary phases which were found to increase considerably with the higher addition of excess Na. Chemical analysis via EDXS indicates Na deficiency in the sintered sample of stoichiometric Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3, while the average Na/Bi molar ratio found to be more than unity in all the Na-excess compositions. Impedance spectroscopy studies showed at least 3 orders of magnitude conductivity difference between the Na-excess and pure Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 samples. The bulk conductivity was found to increase with the addition of excess Na, which was attributed to the increase in oxygen vacancy. Although partial substitution of Na for A-site Bi appears to be a promising strategy for the conductivity enhancement, these compositions show significant segregation of secondary phases on excess Na addition. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Solid State Ionics Elsevier

Influence of excess sodium addition on the structural characteristics and electrical conductivity of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/influence-of-excess-sodium-addition-on-the-structural-characteristics-p9opi9gQBx
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0167-2738
eISSN
1872-7689
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ssi.2018.01.016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The current study investigates the influence of adding excess Na on the structure and conductivity of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3. Polycrystalline bulk samples were prepared via conventional solid-state reaction method. XRD confirmed the presence of rhombohedral perovskite as a primary phase in all the samples. SEM revealed the existence of secondary phases which were found to increase considerably with the higher addition of excess Na. Chemical analysis via EDXS indicates Na deficiency in the sintered sample of stoichiometric Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3, while the average Na/Bi molar ratio found to be more than unity in all the Na-excess compositions. Impedance spectroscopy studies showed at least 3 orders of magnitude conductivity difference between the Na-excess and pure Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 samples. The bulk conductivity was found to increase with the addition of excess Na, which was attributed to the increase in oxygen vacancy. Although partial substitution of Na for A-site Bi appears to be a promising strategy for the conductivity enhancement, these compositions show significant segregation of secondary phases on excess Na addition.

Journal

Solid State IonicsElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off