In vitro induction of tetraploid ginger ( Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and its pollen fertility and germinability

In vitro induction of tetraploid ginger ( Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and its pollen fertility... In vitro induction of tetraploid ginger ( Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and its pollen fertility and germinability were investigated. The growth of shoot tip cultures on agar MS medium containing 2.0 mg l −1 BA was greater than that of similar cultures in liquid MS medium with the same BA concentration. In liquid medium, the combinations of 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg l −1 BA with 0.05 mg l −1 NAA tended to enhance the growth of the cultures. The efficiency of tetraploid induction was assessed by treating shoot tip explants on agar or in liquid MS medium containing 2.0 mg l −1 BA, 0.05 mg l −1 NAA, and 0.2% (w/v) colchicine for 4, 8, 12, and 14 days. The total number of tetraploids induced on solid medium was 18, but only five in liquid medium. On both media, the colchicine treatment for 8 days gave the maximum level of tetraploid induction. Therefore, it was found that the treatment of shoot tip explants on agar medium containing 2.0 mg l −1 BA, 0.05 mg l −1 NAA, and 0.2% (w/v) colchicine for 8 days was the most efficient way of inducing tetraploid ginger. Induced tetraploid strains, ‘4× Kintoki’, ‘4× Sanshu’, and ‘4× Philippine cebu 1’, had higher pollen fertility and germinability than the diploid counterparts, i.e., in the diploid strains, pollen fertility ranged from 0.3 to 6.2% and the germination rate from 0.0 to 0.1%, while in the tetraploid strains, pollen fertility ranged from 27.4 to 74.2% and the germination rate from 4.8 to 12.9%. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Scientia Horticulturae Elsevier

In vitro induction of tetraploid ginger ( Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and its pollen fertility and germinability

Scientia Horticulturae, Volume 88 (4) – May 31, 2001

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN
0304-4238
eISSN
1879-1018
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0304-4238(00)00212-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In vitro induction of tetraploid ginger ( Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and its pollen fertility and germinability were investigated. The growth of shoot tip cultures on agar MS medium containing 2.0 mg l −1 BA was greater than that of similar cultures in liquid MS medium with the same BA concentration. In liquid medium, the combinations of 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg l −1 BA with 0.05 mg l −1 NAA tended to enhance the growth of the cultures. The efficiency of tetraploid induction was assessed by treating shoot tip explants on agar or in liquid MS medium containing 2.0 mg l −1 BA, 0.05 mg l −1 NAA, and 0.2% (w/v) colchicine for 4, 8, 12, and 14 days. The total number of tetraploids induced on solid medium was 18, but only five in liquid medium. On both media, the colchicine treatment for 8 days gave the maximum level of tetraploid induction. Therefore, it was found that the treatment of shoot tip explants on agar medium containing 2.0 mg l −1 BA, 0.05 mg l −1 NAA, and 0.2% (w/v) colchicine for 8 days was the most efficient way of inducing tetraploid ginger. Induced tetraploid strains, ‘4× Kintoki’, ‘4× Sanshu’, and ‘4× Philippine cebu 1’, had higher pollen fertility and germinability than the diploid counterparts, i.e., in the diploid strains, pollen fertility ranged from 0.3 to 6.2% and the germination rate from 0.0 to 0.1%, while in the tetraploid strains, pollen fertility ranged from 27.4 to 74.2% and the germination rate from 4.8 to 12.9%.

Journal

Scientia HorticulturaeElsevier

Published: May 31, 2001

References

  • In vitro induction of tetraploidy in mulberry ( Morus alba L.)
    Chakraborti, S.P.; Vijayan, K.; Roy, B.N.; Qadri, S.M.H.
  • A revised medium for rapid growth and bio assays with tobacco tissue cultures
    Murashige, T.; Skoog, F.
  • High-frequency in vitro multiplication of disease-free Zingiber officinale Rosc
    Sharma, T.R.; Singh, B.M.
  • Colchicine induced tetraploids in yellow flowered cyclamens and their characteristics
    Takamura, T.; Miyajima, I.

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