Oxidative phosphorylation and glycolysis are important features, by which cells could bypass oxidative stress. The level of oxidative stress, and the ability of cells to promote oxidative phosphorylation or glycolysis, significantly determined proliferation or cell demise. In the present work, we have employed selective mitochondrial probe MitoTracker™ Orange CMTM/Ros (MTO) to estimate the level of oxidative stress in cancer cells at different stressed conditions. MTO is partially sensitive to decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential and to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in mitochondria. We have demonstrated, that fluorescence lifetime of MTO is much more sensitive to oxidative stress than intensity-based approaches. This method was validated in different cancer cell lines. Our approach revealed, at relatively low ROS levels, that Gö 6976, a protein kinase C (PKC) α inhibitor, and rottlerin, an indirect PKCδ inhibitor, increased mitochondrial ROS level in glioma cell. Their involvement in oxidative phosphorylation and apoptosis was investigated with oxygen consumption rate estimation, western blot and flow-cytometric analysis. Our study brings new insight to identify feeble differences in ROS production in living cells.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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